Chagi (차기) Kicking
Gulleo-chagi (굴러차기) Stamping Kick
A technique of stamping a foot on the ground and consecutively striking a target with the same stamping foot. This is a kicking skill in which the front foot is lifted off the ground and stamped hard enough to gain a momentum. When the following rear foot is about to touch the ground, one kicks the target with the pounded foot. This skill is commonly applied to ap-chagi, dolryeo-chagi, yeop-chagi, etc.
Dwi-chagi (뒤차기) Back (Thrust) Kick
A technique of striking the target by bending the knee and thrusting backward. This is a skill of striking the opponent with the bottom of the heel in his or her stomach or chest. This is generally employed by turning one’s body backward and executing a kick when the opponent is in front. Occasionally, one may deliver a straight kick in a fixed position to the target.
Modum-chagi (모둠차기) Drawing Kick
A technique of striking the same target with both feet simultaneously
This is a kicking skill of drawing one’s feet together in the air to strike the same target. Such kicking skills as modum-ap-chagi, modum-dollyeo-chagi and modum-yeop-chagi can be classified under this general term.
Narae-chagi (나래차기) Wing Kicks
A technique of executing Turning Kicks alternately with both feet in the air. The first kick is a feint motion so that the leg is not fully extended. The second kick is to be used to strike a target with precision and power.
Dollyeo-chagi (돌려차기) Turning Kick
A technique of turning the foot inward to strike a target. This is a skill of pivoting the supporting leg and completely turning the hip in to strike the opponent’s face or trunk with the ball of the foot or the instep. A turning kick is generally employed to strike the opponent’s vital points such as temples and ribs with the ball of the foot. In sparring and kicking practice, the instep is utilized in order to expand the area of the striking surface or to avoid injuring the opponent while still getting points.
Balbucheo-chagi (발붙여차기) Skipping Kick
A technique of bringing the rear foot to the position of the front foot and immediately striking the target with the front foot. This skill is commonly used when the opponent is out of range and/or the performer cannot reach the opponent from a stationery posture. In order to close the distance between the performer and the opponent and/or to increase speed and power of the kick, make a skipping step forward with the rear foot and bring it in close to the heel of the front foot. Simultaneously, deliver a blow to the head or trunk of the opponent with the front foot. When this skill is combined with kicking techniques such as balbucheo-dolryeo-chagi (Skipping Turn Kick), balbucheo-yeop-chagi (Skipping Side Kick) and balbucheo-huryeo-chagi (Skipping Whip Kick), they can be classified under this general term.
Yeop-chagi (옆차기) Side (Thrust) Kick
A technique of delivering a kick by turning one’s body to the side. This is a skill of striking the opponent’s face or chest with the outside edge of the foot or the bottom of the foot. The side kick is usually performed by turning one’s body to the side and at the same time bending the leg and extending it to kick the target. In some circumstances, one may push the opponent with the foot to maintain the distance from the opponent.
Ieo-chagi (이어차기) Alternating Kick
A technique of performing the same kind of kick by alternating the use of each foot in sequence. In practice, the same kind of kicking skill is performed alternately with both feet until mastery is acquired. In sparring, a skill such as dolryeo-chagi is executed consecutively and this can be expressed as ieo-dolryeo-chagi (Alternating Turn Kick).
Dabangyang-chagi (다방향차기) Multi-direction Kick
Kicking techniques used for striking targets placed in various locations with one leap.This is a skill of breaking several targets located in various directions consecutively by throwing oneself up into the air with one big leap.
Jitjjiki (짓찧기) Stamping to the instep
A technique of stamping on the opponent’s instep with the performer's foot. This is a skill of stepping on the opponent’s instep so that he or she cannot move or escape or crushing it into the ground.
Gawi-chagi (가위차기) Scissors Kick
A technique of striking two targets simultaneously with both feet widely separated. This is a striking skill to jump and spread both feet in the shape of scissors and hit two different targets in the air at the same time. One foot employs biteureo-chagi while the other foot yeop-chagi (Side Kick).
Naeryeo-chagi (내려차기) Downward Kick
A technique of striking a target from the upper to lower direction
This is a striking skill using the sole of the foot or the back of the heel aiming at the opponent’s face or shoulder. Naeryeo-chagi is usually performed with the knee bent, lifted, extended forward, and then striking vertically downward on the opponent. In sparring, the strike can be performed inward or outward depending on the position of the opponent.
Ttwieo-chagi (뛰어차기) Jumping Kick
A technique of jumping and striking a target. This is a skill of jumping forward and striking a high or distant target unreachable from a stationery posture. When this skill is combined with kicking techniques such as ap-chagi, dolryeo-chagi, yeop-chagi, naeryeo-chage, dwi-chagi and dwi-huryeo-chagi, they can be classified under this general term.
Dolgae-chagi (돌개차기): Whirl Kick
A technique of jumping backward to deliver a kick. To deceive or to strike the opponent harder, the front foot is used as an axis to make a full or more turns backward to deliver a kick.
Dubaldangseong-chagi (두발당성차기) Flying Kick
A technique of jumping up and kicking the front target with both feet in sequence.The leading foot (rear foot) is used as a feint motion by kicking it low. The following foot (front foot) strikes the front target with precision by kicking it high.
Biteureo-chagi (비틀어차기) Twisting Kick
A technique of striking a target from the inside to the outside of the body with the instep. When the opponent advances with dolryeo-chagi and naeryeo-chagi, one may take a step to the left or the right and strike the opponent’s face or trunk from the inside to the outside of one’s body.
Ap-chagi (앞차기) Front (Snap) Kick
A technique to strike a target in front of the performer with the foot. This is a skill of delivering a blow to the opponent’s chin, solar plexus, stomach, etc. with one’s instep, the ball of the foot, or the bottom of the heel. Commonly, ap-chagi is executed by bending the knee and extending it to kick straight into the target. Occasionally, one can kick straight up to the opponent’s chin and testicles. One may also push the opponent with the foot to maintain the distance with him or her.
Pyojeok-chagi (표적차기) Target Kick
A technique of making a target with the open hand and kicking into it. When practicing poomsae (patterns), one makes an imaginary target with one’s hand and strikes it with an-chagi (Inward kick).
They are the skills to dominate the opponent in a confrontation by delivering a strike with the foot. They are offensive skills using the power generated from flexing and extending the knee or swinging the leg.
Geodeup-chagi (거듭차기) Repeating Kick
A technique of executing the same kind of kick successively with the same foot. This is a technique of striking the target with one foot several times with the same kind of kick while the other foot is in a fixed position.
Nakka-chagi (낚아차기) Hook Kick
A technique of striking a target with the back of the heel by bending the knee. When the opponent evades one’s side kick and closes in, one can use the power generated from the extended knee by bending it and striking the back of the opponent’s head or back. One may also hook the neck or the back of the knee according to the circumstances.
Gongjungjebi-chagi (공중제비차기) Jumping Flip Kick
A technique of turning oneself vertically in the air and kicking a target with one or both feet. The performer uses his or her waist as an axis to jump up and turn over in the air in order to strike a target high above the head with one or both feet and land safely on the ground.
Mireo-chagi (밀어차기) Pushing Kick
A technique of pushing the opponent with the foot. This is a pushing technique to make the opponent fall or to maintain some distance with him or her by using the ball or sole of the foot.
Bakkat-chagi (바깥차기) Outward Kick
A striking technique using the outside edge of the foot (Foot Blade) traveling from the inside to the outside. This is a skill of striking the side of the opponent’s face with the blade of the foot by swinging the foot widely with the knee, facing up from the inside to the outside of the performer.
Bada-chagi (받아차기) Counter Kick
A technique of counterattacking the opponent’s attack. When the opponent launches a kicking attack in sparring, one can counter it with such skills as dolryeo-chagi (Turn Kick or Roundhouse Kick), naeryeo-chagi (Downward Kick), dwi-chagi (Back Kick), dwihuryeo-chagi (Back Whip Kick), etc. This common term is used for all such circumstances.
An-chagi (안차기) Inward Kick
A technique of striking a target from the outside to the inside of the performer with the inside edge of the foot (Reverse Foot Blade). This is a skill that requires swinging of the foot from the outside to the inside with the knee facing upward. This skill is designed to strike the side of an opponent’s face with the reverse foot blade and is used in such skills as pyojeok-chagi (Target Kick).
Huryeo-chagi (후려차기) Whipping Kick
A technique of whipping the bottom of the foot in a wide curve and striking the target. This is a skill of whipping the sole or the back of the foot and striking the opponent’s face. Generally, this kick is executed with one’s body facing front, the knee bending and extending, and the bottom of the foot swinging into the target. Occasionally, this kick can be done without bending the knee or by turning one’s body backward.
Japgo-chagi (잡고차기) Holding Kick
A technique of holding part of the opponent’s body and striking with the foot. This is a skill of immobilizing the opponent by holding part of the opponent’s body and kicking him or her. These skills are combined with various kicking techniques and can be named japgo-ap-chagi, japgo-dolryeo-chagi, japgo-yeop-chagi, japgo-naeryeo-chagi, japgo-biteuryeo-chagi, japgo-huryeo-chagi and so forth.